What is the trend of modular laboratory?
As an important part of the scientific and technological innovation system, the laboratory plays an important role in exploring the scientific frontier and solving the major needs of the country. China's laboratories embody innovative ideas and methods in solving major scientific and technological problems of national economic construction, social development and national security. What trend will the laboratory design develop towards?
Around us, the design of the house is more and more style and creativity. But as a small branch of design field, what is laboratory design like? What is the trend of laboratory design in the future?
With the rapid development of science and technology, new requirements are constantly put forward for the laboratory environment. Scientific research buildings have become a unique field different from industrial buildings and civil buildings. The scientific research building is characterized by its complex functions and vertical and horizontal pipelines. It not only highlights its scientificity and flexibility, but also has a sense of the times and artistry. At the same time, the emergence of new structures, new materials, new processes and new equipment requires continuous innovation in laboratory design.
According to relevant statistics, the annual reorganization rate of the global laboratory is 35%, which requires that the laboratory construction not only meet the current needs, but also adapt to the future development needs in the design stage, so as to realize the internal flexibility of the building from many aspects. Such as: modular experimental space, combination of closed and open laboratories, movable or easily removable partition wall, flexible technical support system, flexible reserved space, etc. With the continuous development of the laboratory, modular flexibility has become the trend of today's laboratory design. The modularization of laboratory building space is the main part of each research facility, but different laboratories need different degrees of flexibility. If the requirements of teaching laboratory are relatively high and stable and the layout of laboratory changes little, but the R & D laboratory needs higher flexibility.
Well-designed laboratory modules will integrate all architectural and engineering systems. The ingenious design of laboratory modules needs to have many advantages:
It can effectively deal with the structural changes of scientific research space
Scientific research projects have been changing, and the laboratory buildings in which they are located must also be changed reasonably. Laboratory modularity should facilitate changes within the building, and most academic institutions change 10% to 20% of the laboratory layout every year.
The change of work means the mobility of experimenters and the diversity of workspace inside and outside the laboratory building. Laboratory workspaces face many new options, including more collaborative and informal interaction spaces, so as to provide more support for virtual individual and team work, combine learning with daily work, have greater flexibility in the workplace, and adapt the working environment to the work rather than the work environment. Many laboratory workspaces should integrate a space to encourage leisure interaction among colleagues to reduce stress, Enhance team awareness.
The new research institution has common functional "rooms", such as public kitchen, common rest room, reading room and game room, as well as art decorated walls and green roof, which reflect the vivid elements of the laboratory, while the open connecting stairs also make it easy for researchers to move between floors.
It can effectively deal with the change of experimental space
The use of the laboratory planning module allows the building to expand or shrink as needed without affecting the function of the facility. The movable worktable is composed of a movable worktable and a bottom cabinet. Compared with the fixed worktable, it allows scientists to configure and assemble according to their needs. The laboratory area has flexible zoning, which can easily set up work areas of various specifications. Modularization will make the whole engineering system more flexible and realize simple connection and disconnection on the walls and ceilings of the laboratory, so as to ensure the rapid and economical installation of equipment;
The engineering system shall be designed to be easy to add and remove; Space for air conditioning, water pipes and power facilities shall be reserved in public corridors, ceilings and vertical spaces. Air service carriers, which can be pipes, power systems, data equipment, lamps and exhaust pipes, are suspended from the ceiling. Because they are higher than the ground, they have the greatest flexibility and can freely configure the ground space as needed.
Move the layout of ordinary pipe network and other infrastructure into the air, assemble components that can be quickly connected based on the suspension layout, make them become basic laboratory equipment, complete general functions, and have the basic modules of rapid disconnection, movement and reassembly of ceiling or wall. Accordingly, the water and electricity interface of the experimental workbench is also configured as a pluggable module interface, which realizes the rapid reorganization of plug and play between pipelines, and ensures the "people-oriented" to the greatest extent, which is not limited by the layout of the existing laboratory. In turn, the laboratory equipment and layout are adapted to the needs of staff. At the same time, it ensures that the whole laboratory can be adjusted according to different projects, and only need to reassemble and reassemble different modules, so as to minimize costs and protect previous investments.